Recently users started to complain that free/busy information was not available, more specifically users that had their mailbox in Exchange Online were not able to retrieve availability information from their colleagues or meeting rooms that were still in Exchange 2010 on-premises.
Complaints came from multiple users from multiple countries, there are multiple sites with multiple Exchange 2010 servers with multiple breakout points to the Internet, so the issue was consistent and not really related to only one Exchange 2010 server. And it was only happening cross-premises, and only from Exchange Online to Exchange 2010. From Exchange 2010 to Exchange Online it was working flawlessly, so was between mailboxes in Exchange 2010.
You see this happen often right after configuring an Exchange hybrid configuration with the HCW, but in my case it had been working fine for quite some time, so it had to be related to something we had changed recently. We had WLAN changes (new provider), Windows Update, Exchange 2010 rollup updates, SSL certificates, new Send and Receive Connectors, but nothing that immediately pointed in the right direction. To make things worse, the Remote Connectivity Analyzer (your first stop when troubleshooting) didn’t see any issues, everything worked well. Autodiscover returned the correct information from mailboxes in Exchange Online and Exchange 2010, and the free/busy test in RCA worked well.
Note. A lot of people don’t know this feature, but in the Remote Connectivity Analyzer you can check free/busy in a hybrid environment. Just select the Free/Busy radio button under the Office 365 tab as shown in the following screenshot:
My mailbox was in Exchange Online and I also did experience the issue, but at the same time I was able to open the calendar cross-premises. Ok, this is Outlook Anywhere and not Exchange Web Services (which is used for free/busy) but at least it ruled out a firewall issue.
When running the Get-OrganizationRelationship command, I could verify the TargetAutodiscoverEpr property, which was set to the correct Autodiscover URL. Using the TargetSharingEpr property instead of the TargetAutodiscoverEpr property didn’t help.
Get-FederationInformation command with the -DomainName switch… all looks good.
Security on the Virtual Directory? Running these commands often solve unexpected issues:
Get-AutodiscoverVirtualDirectory | Set-AutodiscoverVirtualDirectory -WSSecurity $true
Get-WebServicesVirtualDirectory -Server WPGREXC01 | Set-WebServicesVirtualDirectory -WSSecurity $True
Again, no success… Time for deeper troubleshooting. At this moment Microsoft support was already involved as well….
When testing I could see the request entering the Exchange 2010 server in the IIS logs, but the servers returned a 500 Error, so something in the request was causing issues on the Exchange server:
2019-10-14 06:45:06 192.168.25.119 POST /ews/exchange.asmx/WSSecurity – 443 – 18.104.22.168 ASProxy/CrossForest/Directory/https/15.20.2347.020/MailTips – 500 0 0 31
2019-10-14 06:45:33 192.168.25.119 POST /ews/exchange.asmx/WSSecurity – 443 – 22.214.171.124 ASProxy/CrossForest/Directory/https/15.20.2347.020/MailTips – 500 0 0 31
2019-10-14 06:45:51 192.168.25.119 POST /ews/exchange.asmx/WSSecurity – 443 – 126.96.36.199 ASProxy/CrossForest/Directory/https/15.20.2347.020/Freebusy – 500 0 0 15
2019-10-14 06:45:51 192.168.25.119 POST /ews/exchange.asmx/WSSecurity – 443 – 188.8.131.52 ASProxy/CrossForest/Directory/https/15.20.2347.020/MailTips – 500 0 0 31
2019-10-14 06:45:51 192.168.25.119 POST /ews/exchange.asmx/WSSecurity – 443 – 184.108.40.206 ASProxy/CrossForest/Directory/https/15.20.2347.020/MailTips – 500 0 0 31
The next step to try was to recycle the AutodiscoverAppPool and the ExchangeServicesAppPool in the IIS Manager, but unfortunately this didn’t help.
After looking out of the window what might be the issue I had another look at the eventlog on the Exchange server, and found the following certificate warning:
Log Name: Application
Source: MSExchange Common
Date: 10/16/2019 9:28:59 AM
Event ID: 403
Task Category: Configuration
The certificate named ‘791BC6AD9893AA570DF03452B4F8069C8A743C29’ in the Federation Trust ‘Microsoft Federation Gateway’ is expired. Please review the Federation Trust properties and the certificates installed in the certificate store of the server.
This rings a bell. The certificate with the thumbprint mentioned in the error message is not on the Exchange server, but it’s in the Microsoft Federation Gateway. I didn’t see this earlier, but when checking the federation with Get-FederationTrust | FL you can see certificate information, and one certificate expired some time ago. July 2019 to be precise.
You can also run the Test-FederationTrust on the Exchange server. If you ran into this issue, you should see an error message like Failed to validate delegation token in the TokenValidation section.
Fixing this is easy, just run the following command:
Get-FederationTrust | Set-FederationTrust -RefreshMetadata
After running this command it works like a charm.
This only happens in Exchange 2010 (in Exchange 2013 and higher it is fixed automatically), and looking at the support chances are you are not running Exchange 2010 anymore when other certificates are renewed. You can running the command mentioned before on a regular basis, or you can use a scheduled task to perform this automatically on a regular basis.
Schtasks /create /sc Daily /tn FedRefresh /tr “C:\Windows\System32\WindowsPowerShell\v1.0\powershell.exe
-version 2.0 -command Add-PSSnapIn Microsoft.Exchange.Management.PowerShell.E2010;
$fedTrust = Get-FederationTrust;Set-FederationTrust -Identity $fedTrust.Name -RefreshMetadata” /ru System
So why didn’t we notice this in the first place? The certificate change was announced by Microsoft and other community blogs, but this was summer holiday time. Also lack of resources in IT Staff didn’t help either. Too bad, but in the end it was fixed (with help of Microsoft support 😊)