Category Archives: PowerShell

The requested HTTP URL was not available

While trying to setup Remote PowerShell to an Exchange 2013 Server I ran into a couple of issues. The most obvious was that the Exchange server only accepts SSL request, so you have to specify ‘https’ in the ConnectionUri, so I used these commands:

$Credential = Get-Credential administrator@posh.local
$Session = New-PSSession –ConfigurationName Microsoft.Exchange –ConnectionUri https://webmail.posh-workshop.com/PowerShell -Authentication Basic -Credential $Credential -AllowRedirection
Import-PSSession $Session

The following error was returned:
New-PSSession : [webmail.posh-workshop.com] Connecting to remote server webmail.posh-workshop.com failed with the following error message : The WinRM client sent a request to an HTTP server and got a response saying the requested HTTP URL was not available. This is usually returned by a HTTP server that does not support the WS-Management protocol. For mor e information, see the about_Remote_Troubleshooting Help topic.

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When checking the PowerShell virtual directory using the Get-PowerShellVirtualDirectory | fl command I got the following response:

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When you want to use Remote PowerShell from a non domain member (or via the Internet) you have to use Basic Authentication (as specified in my request), you also have to set Basic Authentication on the Virtual Directory as well, like this:

Get-PowerShellVirtualDirectory –Server MAIL01 | Set-PowerShellVirtualDirectory –BasicAuthentication:$TRUE

Once changed Remote PowerShell works as expected.

Remove Million Log Files from Exchange Server

Customer is running Exchange 2010 with NetBackup for backup. At some point the backup stalled and the Exchange server (passive node) froze. Only hard reboot turned the node back to life.

After lots of troubleshooting it turned out that there were several million (small) log files located in C:\Program Files\Veritas\NetBackup\online_util\ which caused the backup to freeze.

The problem is… how do you remove so many files from a (local) hard disk? A command prompt or Windows Explorer is generally speaking not a good idea, but you can do this with PowerShell.

First load the file into an array with this command:

$Logfiles = [System.IO.Directory]::GetFiles("C:\Program Files\VERITAS\NetBackup\online_util\_fi_cntl", "*.*")

It took approx. 3 minutes to load all files in the $Logfiles array.

To remove the first 100,000 files and determin the time needed the following commands was used:

a=get-date;$Logfiles[0..99999]|%{[System.IO.file]::delete($_)};
$b=get-date

This took only 61 seconds. Disk activity never came over 15%

As a side note: The admins also tried it using a command prompt and a standard del command, this took approx. 53 minutes to remove 100,000 files.

A second batch with 2,000,000 logfiles took 1500 seconds (15 minutes) to remove. Disk activity however kept raising during this 15 minutes up to 100%. To prevent too many issues with (disk) performance customer decided to remove the logfiles in batches of 500,000 items until all logfiles are removed.

Special thanks to Kees de Groot (Big-IT.nl and ex2013.com)

Export Email Addresses in Exchange 2013

For a project I had to create a CSV file with all Mailboxes, their UPN and their Email addresses. Not a big deal since you can use the following command:

Get-Mailbox | Select UserPrincipalName,EmailAddresses

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Exporting to a CSV is a default feature in PowerShell using the Export-Csv command, like this:

Get-Mailbox | Select UserPrincipalName,EmailAddresses | Export-Csv C:\Temp\Addresses.csv

Continue reading Export Email Addresses in Exchange 2013